Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma

Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma

Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma

Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma – Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a kind of cancer that strike the lining of the abdomen. The cancer cover up many of the organs in the abdomen by a thin membrane of mesothelial cells, known as the peritoneum. Its only known lead in the U.S. is previous exposure to asbestos, and in most of the cases, the disease emerge after years of the exposure to the asbestos. Peritoneal mesotheliomas account for about 1/5 of all mesotheliomas. It sway the lining that protects the contents of the abdomen and that also provides a lubricating fluid to enable the organs to move and work properly.

This type asbestos-related cancer is the second most common after Pleural Mesothelioma. Just like pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma can be either benign or malignant. There are a number of symptoms for this disease. These symptoms typically include abdominal pains, weakness, weight loss, loss of appetite, nausea, and abdominal swelling. Depending on the location of the tumor, additional problems such as breathing problems and severe pains can be experienced. Fluid often accumulates in the peritoneal space, a condition known as ascites. Over time the wasting symptoms can become more and more severe.

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer is differ from pleural mesothelioma according to the place of growing tumors. In the peritoneal cancer the tumors develop on the peritoneum. What is the peritoneum? The peritoneum is the outer membrane surrounds the outer wall of some internal organs in the abdominal cavity. Complete this article to discover the improtant information on that cancer and where to treat it.

How does it develop? The scientists can’t know exactly how this type of cancer occur, but the closest prospect explains that the inhalation of Asbestos is the main reason for this cancer. After the inhalation of asbestos, these materials move from the chest to the abdominal cavity throughout the blood stream.

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Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a cancer of the peritoneum, or tissue lining the abdomen and some of its organs. This lining tissue provides a small amount of lubricating fluid that allows organs in the gut to move and work properly. This cancer accounts for approximately ten percent of all malignant mesotheliomas and is therefore rarer than malignant pleural mesothelioma, which affects the tissue lining the chest and lungs. Irrespective of location, the majority of malignant mesotheliomas are associated with exposure to asbestos.

A person with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma may be diagnosed because of complaints such as an abdominal lump or swelling, unexplained weight loss, fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, nausea, and constipation caused by bowel obstruction. There are many other conditions that could cause similar symptoms, and in the absence of an accurate history of asbestos exposure, a diagnosis of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma may be missed.

The above information will take us to the word “Asbestos”, what are Asbestos? Asbestos are some types of materials that were used in the past for the construction manufacturing. Workers that were dealing with these materials are the most people who can develop mesothelioma.

The malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer is less common but still a very dangerous disease. The symptoms of this disease take very long time to appear “23-50 years”, after this very long period the symptoms can be something like abdominal swelling, abdomen pains, general weakness and bowel obstruction “due to the growth of tumors”.

The treatment options here can be surgery, chemotherapy “by using some drugs” and radiation therapy by using some kinds of radiations like x-rays and gamma rays. The early diagnosis of mesothelioma will help in the treatment process. For anyone who have work in the construction manufacturing companies that were using Asbestos in their products, you must make a check up instantly.

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When malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is suspected, the patient’s doctor orders a CT scan or an MRI to detect the presence of any abnormality in the abdomen. If features suggesting this cancer are present, a biopsy of the potentially cancerous tissue is taken to determine the types of cells in this tissue.

Once diagnosed, the exact treatment and the eventual outcome depend on the types of cells found in the cancer. People with epithelioid cell cancers typically have the best survival, followed by those with mixed cell cancers. Sarcomatoid cell cancers carry the worst prognosis. The average survival time is approximately one year, and five-year survival is lower than ten percent. Because of this poor prognosis, the cancer is treated as aggressively as the patient’s overall physical condition allows, with some combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Surgery helps remove the bulk of the cancer. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are then used to kill the remaining cancer cells.

X-rays and CT scans are, typically, the first step towards detecting peritoneal mesothelioma. Though the actual diagnosis is achieved by obtaining a piece of tissue from the victim’s body. Presently, there are treatments, but no for sure known cure, for peritoneal mesothelioma. The prognosis depends on various factors, including the size and stage of the tumor, its extent, the cell type, and whether or not the tumor responds to treatment. However, the options for relief and treatment of people with peritoneal mesothelioma have opened up, especially for those whose cancer is diagnosed early and treated vigorously.

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Specific types of treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma include:


2-Radiation Therapy


Peritoneal Mesothelioma causes so many deaths every year. Even though it is not the most general form of this cancer, many new cases come to light every year. However, with continued studied and clinical trials, it might be possible to one day make this a curable disease and save the life of people who have fallen victim to this deadful disease.

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